Science behind the throw

Science behind the throw

by andrea cortes on June 01, 2022 Categories: Blog

Energy storage in the shoulder muscles is a determining factor in our ability to throw. No primate can throw as much force as human, so it is no coincidence that this is a crucial step in human evolution. Other primates are capable of throwing, but they are not able to outperform humans.

While chimpanzees are incredibly strong and authentic, adult males still cannot throw at speed around twenty miles, which is about a third of the throw-in speed of a 12-year-old thrower. Here, as in snowballing, the swing above the head dominates. It has been recognized that the shoulder muscles store energy making them throw stronger, and this storage rate may have developed two million years ago.

The human shoulder is significantly different from our ape ancestors, our shoulder pits are significantly more open than those of chimpanzees. When a man about to throw, he first rotates his arm backwards, in the opposite direction to the target. At this point, during the arm pull-up phase, the shoulder straps and tendons are stretched, storing energy.

Science behind the throw

When this energy is released, it accelerated the lever forward, producing the fastest movement of the human body. Throwing was the most important thing in terms of hunter behavior, ensuring efficient and safe prey acquisition for out ancestors. Furthermore, increasing the consumption of calorie-rich meat and fat has allowed our ancestors to increase the volume of their brains and bodies, thereby discovering new areas that are all contributing to the advancement of modern people.

One of the most popular throwing sports is discus throwing. The essence of this is to throw away a sport equipment called a disco, to deliver it to some distance by the athlete, that, the disco thrower. This sport has been known since ancient times, in 708 BC, at the 18th Olympic Games, the five-throw five, which consisted of long jump, discus throw, javelin and wrestling. To this day, the bronze statue called Discobolos, made by the Greek sculptor Mürón, who lived in the 5th century BC, is still word famous. The discus has been played in the modern Olympic Games since they started, so until 1896.A discuss weight is between 1 to 2 kg, it depends on the gender and age of the athlete. The disc has a smooth metal rim and a metal core that gives weight to the disc, and the outside can be made of plastic, metal, wood, fiberglass, or other materials, but sometimes solid rubber discs are also used.

Information complied by: Dezső Sándor.